The pension lifetime allowance (LTA) is a limit on the amount of money you can have in your pension pot. It was introduced in 2006 and has been increased several times since then. In 2021, the LTA stands at £1,073,100, which means that any money saved above this amount will be subject to taxation. This blog post will explain what the LTA is, how it affects you and your business, and some tips for staying within it.
Calculating Your Pension Lifetime Allowance
Calculating your pension lifetime allowance begins with your total pension savings across all your retirement plans and accounts. This includes workplace pensions as well as personal pensions or SIPPs (Self-Invested Personal Pensions). You must also include benefits from defined benefit schemes such as NHS doctors and dentists, civil service or armed forces pensions.
Once you’ve calculated your total pension savings across all accounts, you need to subtract any reduction from the LTA that may apply to you. For example, if you took out flexible drawdown before April 2015 or started taking income from a final salary scheme before April 2016 then there may be a reduction in your LTA. If there is no reduction applicable to you then that figure will be added onto your total pension savings.
You can get an estimate of your risk of breaching the lifetime allowance with our FREE calculator:
Taxes & Penalties for Exceeding the Limit
If your total pension savings exceed the current LTA limit then an additional tax charge will apply when withdrawing funds from a retirement plan or account. This tax charge can range from 25% to 55%, depending on whether the funds are taken as lump sum payments or income payments respectively. In addition to this tax charge, any funds withdrawn over the limit are also subject to income tax at whatever rate applies to those funds for that particular year (e.g., 20% for basic rate taxpayers).
It’s important to note that these charges only apply when withdrawing funds; they do not apply while money remains invested in a retirement plan or account even if it exceeds the limit! This means it’s possible to exceed the limit without incurring any additional taxes or penalties so long as withdrawals remain within thresholds set by HMRC each year.
The Pension Lifetime Allowance (LTA) is an important concept for anyone with an interest in their retirement planning and investments; failure to stay within its limits could result in hefty taxes and penalties when making withdrawals from a retirement plan or account later down the line! By understanding how it works and taking proactive steps to ensure that your total pension savings stay within its limits each year, you can avoid unnecessary taxation and maximize returns on investments over time. With careful planning and good advice from professionals, staying below this limit should not be difficult – but always remember to keep track of changes over time so you don’t get caught out by increases in future years!